Squealing Furnace? How to Tighten a Loose Furnace Fan Belt
Old, worn out, and overstressed fan belts can also cause a rubbery, burning smell. If this is the case, turn off your system and call a professional technician right away. Burning HVAC smells are never a good sign.
Belt Drive or Direct Drive?
The first step for diagnosing a hissing/squealing furnace is knowing whether or not you have a belt-drive or direct-drive blower.
Direct drive systems don't use a belt since the output shaft is directly connected to the blower wheel ("squirrel cage"). The advantage of a direct furnace blower motor is that there is no belt that needs to be adjusted or replaced, which reduces maintenance and increases efficiency.
If you have a belt-drive blower, then you will want to inspect the belt that may be the cause of the squeaking or hissing noise. Many times, a loose or aging fan belt can cause the fan to stop working properly. Since the belt is placed under a lot of stress, it can crack and eventually break. If the belt is failing, you may hear squeaking sounds or your central heating won't work at all until you have it replaced.
How to Inspect and Tighten Furnace Fan Belts
Follow these steps to inspect and tighten your blower belt:
- Make sure power is off by flipping the power switch to "off" and flipping the corresponding breaker switch "off" in your electrical panel.
- If you feel comfortable, remove the cover to your furnace blower compartment. Usually, this can be done by removing 4-6 screws and lifting up and pulling out. Remove the cover and put it aside.
- Look for the motor and fan belt. Visually inspect the fan belt for any signs of aging, fraying, or deterioration. If it looks in bad shape, call a professional to replace the belt.
- If the belt is just loose, however, you can probably tighten it yourself.
- Press down in the middle of the belt to see how much it deflects. If should deflect ½''-¾''. If it deflects more than ¾ of an inch when you press down on it, then it is too loose and needs to be tightened.
- You can loosen and tighten the belt with the two screws that are located on the side or base of the motor ("motor bolt"). Loosen both nuts by turning them counterclockwise. This will enable you to move the motor back and forth.
- After the nuts have been loosened and the motor can move freely, push the motor backward to create a taut belt.
- Once the belt is taut, tighten the nuts so the motor can no longer move.
- Check the fan belt tension again by pressing down in the middle to measure a ½"-¾" deflection. If you don't have the proper fan belt tension, repeat the steps of loosening and then tightening the nuts.
- Once you have the proper tautness, replace the cover and screw it back in.
- Turn on the power and see if that fixed your furnace fan and squeaking furnace problem.
Source: The Family Handyman
How to fix old, worn-out furnace fan belts:
Eventually the belts on belt-driven blowers will need to be replaced. Don't attempt to replace the furnace drive belt yourself. Contact a professional and don’t run the furnace until the problem has been fixed.
Worn-Out Motor Bearings?
If the problem isn’t your furnace fan belt, it may be worn-out motor bearings. Over time the bearings take a beating from the friction of your blower motor. If you hear noise, experience sluggish air movement, or smell something odd, call your HVAC technician to inspect the fan belt and motor bearings. Since replacing bearing requires taking apart the blower motor, it’s best left to a professional HVAC technician.
If you’re not sure what is causing those strange furnace sounds or smells, turn the unit off and wait until a professional technician has had the chance to take a look.
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